(Much of what is conveyed below are summarized notes I had used in a presentation of these principles to our home fellowship. The reference matter can be viewed in its entirety here.)
The Pattern of Creation
Gen 2:1-3 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.
The week is an important cycle operating within the biblical calendar. Peoples of all religions have a seven-day week; a fact which is strong proof that all nations came from a common ancestor who received the seven-day week from the Creator. It was designed by the Most High to regulate the physical, mental and spiritual welfare of the human race.
Exo 23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.
You may also refer to the article on the Seventh Day Sabbath here.
In the biblical calendar the days of the week are not named but numbered: first day, second day, third day etc. The main exception being the seventh day of the week, which I’m sure you are familiar with, that is called the Sabbath.
By contrast, in the Roman civil calendar, the one currently used by virtually all the world, the days of the week are named after various pagan or planetary gods:
- 1st day Sunday: named after the Sun god.
- 2nd day Monday: named after the Moon god.
- 3rd day Tuesday: named after Tiw, through Teutonic languages; an ancient deity associated with the god (and planet) Mars.
- 4th day Wednesday: named after Woden, a god in Norse mythology, associated with the Roman god (and planet) Mercury.
- 5th day Thursday: named after Thor, the supreme god in Norse mythology, associated with the Roman god (and planet) Jupiter.
- 6th day Friday: named after Friga, wife of the god Odin, or Woden, another god in Norse mythology, associated with the goddess (and planet) Venus.
- 7th day Saturday: named after the god (and planet) Saturn.
When conversing with the peoples of this world, it is necessary to use these popular names (Sunday, Monday, Tuesday etc.), otherwise few would know what we were talking about if only the Biblical numbering system were used. But it should be remembered that these popular weekday names have pagan roots and are not found in the Bible.
I find it fascinating that these day names are associated with heavenly objects, and have been since ancient times. Once again, I believe this affirms the truth of Genesis 1:
Genesis 1:14-18 KJV – 14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.
This truth is recognized even by modern astronomers, as these planets, moon, and sun have always been identified by mankind throughout history:
The five brightest planets: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn – have been known since ancient times and can easily be seen with the naked eye if one knows when and where to look. They are visible for much of the year, except for short periods of time when they are too close to the Sun to observe. – Martin J. Powell, The Naked Eye Planets
When the first week of creation was complete, it formed a pattern for all seven-day weeks to follow, and the blueprint of prophetic foreshadowing. As we shall see, the weekly cycle of seven forms the basis of an important spiritual cycle of sevens, which we refer to as the sabbatical cycle. The sabbatical cycle figures extensively in Bible prophecy, which we will discuss later on.